Werkleitz Biennial was founded in 1993 so as to link spheres of art equally: film, music, performance, fine art and internet art. Based on the idea to reflect social phenomena through art as well as to enforce discussion their initiators have experimented on various formats and forms of organisation. 

Werkleitz Biennial is the first German biennial and the first one in a village worldwide. It was called „Documenta des Ostens“ (East German Documenta) in 2002 by Ulrich Wickert, the famous anchorman of the popular newsmagazine of ARD, „Tagesthemen“. In the same year, it was arwarded the Prize of German Art Critics the same year. From 2008 onwards the Werkleitz Festival annually replaces Werkleitz Biennial.